How To Design The Best Database For Your Project

Nobody can excel completely in anything. You should always try to push the limits. We are going to enlighten your mind on how to design the best database for your project. We hope the ideas discussed here suit you well.

  • For tables and columns, you must use consistent and well-defined names. Examples of these would be school, course, subject, name of the student, and etc.
  • Always remember to use the singulars for the names of tables as it represents the collection of data. There is no need to use the plural names here. Example: use course, not courses
  • It is advised that you shouldn’t use spaces for the names of a table or else you will use special characters. To make it easier, we suggest you leave the spaces out for a column of a student name. Example: write it as 'studentname'.
  • Also, never use unwanted suffixes or prefixes. Example: write 'school' straight out rather than 'schooltable' or 'tableschool'.
  • For security reasons, one should keep passwords encrypted. Decrypt them in the apps whenever needed.
  • For all tables, one must use integer id fields. If for not right now, you may need it in the future for association tables.
  • Always make sure that you choose the column with the integral data type (or its alternatives) for indexing. Varchar column indexing will produce performance difficulties.
  • For Boolean values, bit fields should be used as Varchar or integer use. This is unnecessary storage consuming. Moreover, there is a need to start such column names with "Is".
  • Grant authentication for database admittance. Don’t provide admin roles to any user.
  • For better performance, use "select [require column list]" and avoid "select *" queries until it is needed.
  • If the application code is enough, then you must use object-relational mapping framework. Detailed configuration parameters can manage the performance issues of ORM frameworks and will let you know how to design the best database for your project.
  • Separate big, remaining, or rarely managed tables to various physical storages for better inquiry performance.
  • For delicate and purpose critic database systems, use emergency recovery and protection services like auto backups, failover clustering, replication, and etc.
  • For data integrity, it is advised that you use constraints such as foreign key, not null, check, and etc.
  • Don’t give complete control to the application code.
  • Normalization must be practiced as needed in order to do the optimization of the performance. Under-normalization will allow excessive redundancy of data. Over-normalization will produce unnecessary joins across numerous tables. This will lead to the worse performance by both processes.
  • Image and blob data columns must not be determined infrequently. Data must be installed in classifying tables so their pointer can be practiced in queried tables.
  • Web servers and database servers must be placed on various machines. This will implement more protection. Server CPU and memory performance will be greatly reduced by processing usage and requesting numbers.

There is a lot more info that is available on the internet. If you search how to design the best database for your project on any search engine, we hope that this works fine for you and fulfills your every need.

WebWiseChoice Development Team
September 2, 2016